Digital Scholarship

Images & Video


  • Internet Archive: source of digitized public domain materials, primarily print sources.
  • CC Image Search: uncheck the "use for commercial purposes" box, then chose which site to search for images.
  • Wikimedia Commons: public domain and freely-licensed media content (images, sound and video clips)
  • Theological Commons: A digital library of public domain books, periodicals, audio recordings, photographs, and manuscripts from Princeton Theological Seminary.
  • New York Public Library Digital Collections: An archive of digitized drawings, manuscripts, photographs, maps, rare books, videos, audio, and more from the extensive collections at NYPL.

Audio & Video

  • YouTube. When you find a video on YouTube, look for the type of license below the date uploaded. Be sure that it says "Standard YouTube License." If it has a Creative Commons license, you will need to see if you use is permitted by the CC license.
  • Vimeo
  • Ted Talks
  • SoundCloud


What is copyright?

The U.S. Copyright Office states copyright is: "A form of protection provided by the laws of the United States for "original works of authorship", including literary, dramatic, musical, architectural, cartographic, choreographic, pantomimic, pictorial, graphic, sculptural, and audiovisual creations."

What is fair use?

Individuals are allowed limited use of copyrighted materials in specific circumstances. You may:

  • criticize or write commentary on a copyrighted work
  • news reporting
  • for teaching, scholarship, or research

Further limitations are set as to how much of the work may be used for fair use.

What is public domain?

Creative works that are not protected by copyright, trademark, or patent laws due to:

  • expiration of original copyright
  • copyright was not renewed by original owner
  • type of work is not protected by copyright
  • copyright owner places work in the public domain

Works created before 1923 are in the public domain. For any work created after 1923, check the copyright. Here is a tool to help you determine public domain: Copyright Slider

Beware of public domain works that have been modified: those modifications are protected under copyright even if the original work is in public domain.

What is open access?

It is not public domain. It is the free, unrestricted access to any work, particularly scholarly or research work. Open access materials are still copyrighted by the author. The author of open access works gives permission for the work to be freely distributed and may give further use or modification permissions as well.

What are Creative Commons licences?

A work can be dedicated to the public domain through a Creative Commons license. Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that provides copyright licences, public domain dedications, and copyright tools aimed at web content. Authors can choose various CC licences for their work that informs users about reuse and/or modification permissions.

Can I use an audio recording/video/image in my student project?

If your project, paper, or presentation is going to be used for educational purposes at a nonprofit educational institution and will not be made available on the internet, you may use copyrighted material, with limitations, under Fair Use.

If your project, paper, or presentation is going to be made available on the internet, you must use material either in public domain or licensed under the appropriate Creative Commons license.

Tips for using material found on the internet:

  • Assume it's protected by copyright until you can prove differently.
  • If use is unclear, don't use it or request permission.

For more thorough discussion and information:

There are many sources for audio, video, and images to use for classroom presentations, final. But you must be sure anything you use is not subject to copyright protection. Many images, audio, and video are allowed to be used for academic purposes within the classroom or in unpublished student work. For the Christian Movements Project web site, however, those digital resources will be published on the internet, so you need to be certain you have permission to do so.

Visualization Tools

Thinglink: annotate an image. Requires Thinglink account.

StoryMap JS: create a map/timeline from information in a Google Spreadsheet. Requires a Google account.

Timeline JS: create a timeline from information in a Google Spreadsheet. Requires a Google account.

examples below